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Guide to the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR)

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07 Jan 2021

Guide to the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR)

Introduction to GDPR

The data that is available online isn’t for any malicious use and if you are using such data then it’s your responsibility to use the data fairly and maturely. The GDPR or the General Data Protection Regulation is a data protection regulation law that states how the data should be used on the internet and what can be the consequences if one does not use fair sharing of data over the internet. The personal data of any person that is available on the internet should not be shared maliciously and should be used with the consent of the person to whom the data belong. Data protection refers to the protection of the data that is in your care and sharing it correctly. By sharing we mean to share it in such a way that it does not bring harm to the person whose data we are using.

Principles of GDPR

The GDPR law sets out 7 key principles that should be followed by any person, organization that is present on the internet. These seven principles are the seven pillars of data protection and they should be followed in all aspects. These 7 important pillars describe how the data should be maintained online and how one should always follow these principles to prevent any legal action on them or their company. Let’s see the 7 laws of the GDPR

Lawfulness, fairness, and transparency

The first principle of this data protection law is that the data should be acquired in a normal way and there should not be any underhand in obtaining the data. Also, the data that is obtained by the user or the company should be obtained by the consent of the user. According to this, no matter where you are picking up the data on the internet, the concerned party should be well informed and you can only take their data if they allow it. Otherwise, you need to leave the data. Make sure to follow this rule.

Purpose limitation

Be special to the client on why you are acquiring the data. The next principle of the GDPR explains that the person should always tell the user the real reason for taking their data. Whether they are taking their data to improve their sales or improve the algorithm of their website or for any reason. The user should be well informed on how their data will be used by the people and whether there is any malicious purpose with the data or not. Everything should be told to the user.

Data minimization

The next principle state that the organization or the person should take minimum data that is needed by them. For example, if a company is taking data from the user to increase their sales, then the data they should obtain is only about the likes or dislikes of the person. They should not ask for any other personal data of the user. The data should always be kept to the point and bare minimum. The company is justified to tell the reason why they are taking the data so they should only use the data that they would be able to explain in the future.


The data that is stored by the company should be accurate and up to the mark. Remove old numbers or old data from your database and keep your database accurate. This is what the fourth principle Is all about.

Storage limitation

The next principle states that the company should keep the data of the user till they require it and then they should erase all the data that they have about the user. For example, if a company is having data of a person for a particular event, then the company should remove the data after the event is over. Keeping the data after the event is unlawful and it can penalize. The company should keep the data until its useful to them. This will help them store only the necessary data and remove the private data that is of no longer useful to them. This means that the data of the user is used only until it required by the company and then deleted.

Security of the data

When a company or person takes data from the other person on the internet, then that data becomes the responsibility of the company or the person. They should do anything and everything to keep the data secure. Keep the servers secure and prevent the stealing of the data at any cost. If data is stolen from the company, then the company is accountable to the data and they will be fined or penalized under GDPR rule.


Be accountable for the whole process of the data keeping and erasing of the data. The company should be able to provide all the necessary detail about why the data was taken, how it was used, and what happened to the data when its objective was completed. Failure to do so can cause the company to face serious consequences. SO, the company should be accountable for their action.

Lawful basis for processing

If the company breaks any principle or tries to break any of the above principles, then they are fully subjected to be punished or face the law. The company should follow all the above rules and make sure not to break them in any way. If they break any of the rules, then based on the severity of their action, they can either be penalized or blacklisted in the market. The company should understand the consequences if they are blacklisted in the market. The reputation of the company will fall greatly and it will get no future holdings, sponsorship, or any tie-up with any other company in the future. There are many such examples of companies that fell from great heights due to breaking the GDPR Rule. SO, it is better for both company and its employees, that they follow the GDPR rule quietly and effectively.

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